Thursday, February 21, 2013

योग अगर हेल्थ की बात है तो योग पढ़ाते समय आत्मा-परमात्मा की बात क्या मनोरंजन के लिए होती है?

आप ठीक कहते हैं. सूर्यनमस्कार और योग का किसी धर्म से क्या लेना देना? वह तो हेल्थ की बात है. लेकिन योग के सिलेबस में भगवद्गीता, आत्मा की अनश्वरता और कई तरह के उपनिषदों की पढ़ाई क्यों होती है? गीता प्रेस की किताब क्यों पढ़ाई जाती हैं. UGC का यह डॉक्यूमेंट देखिए.

1. Name of the Course
PG Diploma Course in Yoga Therapy
2. Duration
One year & six months Internship
3. Objectives
The course aims at
i) Promoting positive health, prevention of stress related health
problems and rehabilitation through Yoga.
ii) Integral approach of Yoga Therapy to common ailments.
iii) Imparting skills in them to introduce Yoga for health to general
public and Yoga for total personality development of students in
Colleges and Universities.
iv) Invoke scientific attitude and team spirit to channelise their energies
in to creative and constructive endeavours.
v) To enable them to establish Yoga Therapy centers in the service of
common man.
4. Syllabus
The syllabus is made to fulfil these objectives containing theory papers, practical research
and project work with clinical experience. ‘PG Diploma Course in Yoga Therapy’ consists of
the following evaluation schedule.
Theory 5 Papers (100 marks each)
Practical 2 Papers (100 marks each)
Project 1 Papers (100 marks)
Clinical Examination and Viva-Voca 1 Papers (100 marks)
Internal Assessment 1 Paper (100 marks)
Total Marks 1000
After successful completion of final examination with minimum 50% marks in theory with
60% in aggregate, the diploma will be issued after completion of six months of internship in
Yoga Therapy Centre.
Places of posting for internship
1. Yoga Theory Treatment Center of the University.
2. Yoga units of any other hospitals recognized by the University.
5. Project Work
Each student has to collect initial and final data of atleast six patients treated by the student
under the guidance of the faculty.
6. Scheme of Evaluation
As this is a course with the objectives mentioned above, the assessment will be based on
attendance in theory and practical classes, assignments in the form of worksheets for
practical, synopsis of lectures for theory, report of the team work, personality changes of
students as they go through the course as assessed and evaluated by teachers.
Eligibility :
1. Graduation with second Class.
2. Entrance Examination.
7. Marks and gradation
1. Theory Paper Marks
1.1 Foundation of Yoga 100
1.2 Basics relevant to Yoga Therapy 100
1.3 Human Biology 100
1.4 Integral approach to Yoga Therapy 100
1.5 Yoga Therapy in practice 100
2. Practicals
2.1 Asanas, Pranayamas, Mudras and Bandhas. 100
2.2 Kriyas, Meditation Techniques, Yoga Therapy
Special Techniques. 100
3. Project Report
4. Clinical examination and Viva-Voce.
4.1 Clinical Examination 50
4.2 Viva-Voce 50
5. Internal Assessment.
Hours Marks
101. Foundations of Yoga 90 100
1. Orientation to Patanjala Yoga Sutra 50 50
2. Orientation to Hatha Yoga Pradeepika 25 20
3. Orientation to Gharanda Samhita 10 10
4. Orientation to Shiva Yoga Deepika 05 10
102 Basics relevant to Yoga Therapy 90 100
1. Basics of Sanskrit 40 35
2. Principles of Ayurveda 30 35
3. Principles of Naturopathy 10 15
4. Principal of Astrology 10 15
103. Human Biology 90 100
1. Anatomy & Physiology 60 60
2. Yogic Diet, Nutrition & related Biochemistry 15 20
3. Yoga & Psychology 10 10
4. Research Methodology 05 10
104. Basics of Integral Approach to Yoga Therapy 90 100
1. Sankhya and Yoga 25 30
2. Bhagvadgeeta 30 35
3. Upanishads 25 25
4. Link between man and the Master 10 10
105. Yoga Therapy in Practice 90 100
A comprehensive study of the definition, pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical features,
assessment and yoga therapy for ailments of the followings systems :-
Nervous System, Endocrine, Respiratory, Cardio-vascular, Digestive, Musculo
Skeletal, Reproductive Systems and Neurosis, Pregnancy and Eye Problem.
106. Practical-I 180 100
Selected Asanas 100 60
Pranayamas 60 30
Mudras and Bandhas 20 10
107. Practical-II 180 100
Selected Kriyas 60 40
Meditation 40 20
Yoga Therapy special techniques 80 40
108. Project Work
To learn various methods to achieve the aims and objectives and writing case
history, measurement, analysis and report of the project work offered from different
aspects of the course.
Clinical Examination will be conducted to test the ability of the
students to understand the patient’s health problem and select
suitable yoga practices.
Internal assessment will be based on marks obtained in the worksheet
of practical and synopsis of lectures of theory. Assessment
by the teachers on the team work, personality changes and behaviour.
B : Detailed Syllabus of P.G. Diploma in Yoga Therapy
101. Foundations of Yoga
1. Orientation to Patanjala Yogasutra:
Introduction to Yogasutra - Nature of Yoga science, Definition of yoga, the nature of seer
in pure and modified state, Vrittis - Nature, classification, definition, method to control of
chitta vrittis. Samprajnata Samadhi and its classification, asamprajnata and its
classification, variation in the attainment of Asamprajnata Samadhi; Iswarapranidhana -
a means to attain Samadhi, definition and quality of Iswara. Chittavikshepa,
Chittaprasadana and its associates, control of chitta-vikshepa, different methods of
manasthiti and its benefits, Samapatti. Sukshmavishayatwa, Sabijasamadhi, Speciality
of Nirvichara, Ritambharaprajna, Nirbijasamadhi, Kriya-yoga and its benefits;
Classification, methods to control the Kleshas, Karmashaya, Vipaka of kleshamula,
Heyaswarupa, Heyahetu, Drshya and Drasta, Samyoga - Nature & Cause, Hanopaya,
Hanaswarupa, Vivekakhyathi, Astanga yoga-Vama, Niyama, Asana, Pranayama,
Ratyahara-Bahiranga Yoga, Dharana, Dhyana, Samadhi-Antaranga Yoga, Powers
2. Orientation of Hathyoga pradipika :
Hatha yoga - Introduction, relationship of Hathayoga and Rajayoga, greatness of
Hathayoga, Hathayogi parampara, importance of Hatha and its secrecy, place of
Hathayoga Practice, Destructives and constructives of yoga, Yama and Niyama, Asana,
methods of Hathayoga Practice, Mitahara, Pathya and Apathya.
Rules in food taking, Hathayoga achievements. Paranayama - Benefits of Pranayama,
Nadishuddi and Pranayama. Duration and time for pranayama practice, Gradation of
Pranayama, Sweat and Pranayama, Food during pranayama practice, Yukta and Ayukta
pranayama, Nadishuddi, Satkriya-Neti, Dhouti, Basti, Nauli, Trataka, Kapalbhati,
Gajakarani, Importance of Pranayama practice. Symtoms of Nadishuddhi, Manonnani,
Varieties of Kumbhaka-Methods of practice, Classification of their benefits,
Hathayogasiddhilakshanam. Kundalini as base for all yoga, Results of Kundalini
prabyodha, Synonyms for Susumna, Mudras Bandhas-classification, benefits and
methods of practice, Nadanusandhana.
3. Orientation to Gheranda Samhita :
Ghatayoga - Introduction, Saptanga yoga, Benefits, Satkriyas - Classification Practicing
methods and benefits. Mudra - Introduction, 25 mudras - Classification, Practising
methods and benefits. A comparative study of Hathayoga and Ghata yoga.
4. Orientation to Shivayogadipika :
Shivayogadipika - Introduction, classification of yoga, Classification of Rajayoga,
Comparison between Rajayoga and Shivayoga. Evolution theory, two types of
Shivajnana, qualities of a teacher, Shivaswarupa. Importance of physical health, Hatha
yoga a means to attain physical health, Bahya yoga. Antaranga yoga, Yama, Niyama,
Asana, Place of practice of Hathayoga. Pranayama, Prakrtayoga, Vaikrtayoga.
Kevalakumbhaka, Amana yoga, Ajapagayatri, Nadi, Pranava, Bandha, duration of
Pranayama, meditation, Antarangayoga - Pratyahara, object for meditation, posture,
chakra, adhara, means to control chitta, dharana, duration and objects of dharana,
Samadhi and definition, Conductives for Samadhi, benefits of Astangayoga - Hathayoga
- Layayoga - Mantrayoga.
1. Rajayoga - Swami Vivekananda - Ramakrishna Ashrama
2. Hathayoga Pradipika of Swatmarama - Kaivalyadhama, Lonavala
3. The Science of Yoga - Taimini - Theosophical Publishing House,
Adyar, Madras.
4. Yogasutras of Patanjali - Hariharananda Aranya, University of
Calcutta Press, Calcutta.
5. Patanjal Yoga Pradeepa Omananda Tirtha- Geeta Press,
6. Gherandasamhita - Bihar School of Yoga, Munger, Bihar.
7. Shivayogadipika - Sadashivabrahmendra, Ananda
Ashramagranthavali, Choukhamba Press.
8. Yoga Darshan : Swami Niranjanananda-Sri Panchadashanam
Paramahamsa Alakh Bara, Deoghar.
9. Four chapters on Freedom (commentary on the Yoga sutras of
Patanjali), Swami Satyananda (1983), Bihar School of Yoga,
102. Basics relevant to Yoga Therapy :
1. Basics of Sanskrit:
Orthography of Devanagari varnamala, classification of varnas, purnaksara,
samyuktaksara, karakas and mrduvyanjanas, writing of varnamala using Roman
Sanskrit words - classification of Sanskrit words; Subantas - Ajantha and Halanta words,
genders, vachanas, cases of subanta words. Declaration of the following words in cases
- Rama, Hari, Guru, Pitri, Lata Mati, Dhenu, Phalam, Vari, Gau, Marut, Vidvas, Rajan
etc., Asmad, Yusmad, Tad, Kim etc.
Kriyapada in Sanskrit - Classification, Lakaras, Purusas, Vachanas. Declaration of the
following root words in Lat, Lan, Lrt, Lot and Vidhi Lin - Bhu, Khad, Vad, Dhya, Path,
Sev, Kshi, Prachchh, Tush, Kath, Chint, Ad, As, Jagri, Bha, Kri.
Avyayas in Sanskrit - different kinds of avyayas, upasargas, nipatas etc., Elementary
knowledge of all kinds of sandhis with examples in Sanskrit Elementary knowledge of
voices, compound words with examples in Sanskrit.
Karakas - its use in Sanskrit.
Study of the following shlokas from Pauchatantra.
1. Mitrabheda - 20, 22, 23, 81, 118.
2. Mitraprapti - 2, 7, 25, 36 40, 80.
3. Kakolukiyam - 7, 24, 57, 59, 75.
4. Labdhapranasham - 11, 13, 41, 64, 68.
5. Apareekshitakarakam - 11, 15, 16, 26, 34.
6. Raghuvamshamahakavyam - 1
Sarga 1-25 shlokas.
2. Principles of Ayurveda in Yoga:
Tridosa, Dhtu, Mala, Sadasa, concept of health according to Ayurveda, dinacharya,
sadvrtta, rutucharya, elements of snehana, svedana, vamanavirechana, bastikriya in
3. Principles of Naturopathy in Yoga:
The evolution of the human body, philosophy of the body ; mind, soul, life, spirit and
spiritual body, history and fundamental principles of Naturopathy.
Philosophy of Indian Naturopaths: Mahatma Gandhiji
Laws of Nature : Pancha Maha Bhutas, Shareera Dharmas - Ahara, Nidra, Bhaya,
Maithunam, Inflammation and its different stages, Natural rejuvenation.
Foreign matter and toxins, accumulation in the body and its importance in elimination
through different ways or channels.
Definition and maintenance of nature’s constructive principles of health. Importance of
physical and mental hygiene.
4. Principles of Astrology :
Basics of Indian Astronomy and Astrologically good and favourable dates and time
under particular sign and constellations for administration of Herbal medicine and
Natural treatments. This may be a part of study as project to find the specific dates and
time under particular sign and constellation in which the medine and the treatment is
more potent and effective.
1. Sabda Manjari
2. Dhatu Manjari
3. Panchatantra
4. Raghuvamshamahakavyam of Kalidasa
5. Charakasamhita of Charaka
6. Astanga Hridaya -Vagbhata
7. Practice of Nature Cure - By Henry Lindlahr
8. History & Philosophy of Nature Cure - By S.J. Singh
9. My Nature Cure - By Sh. M. K. Gandhi
103. Human Biology:
(I) Anatomy & Physiology:
(i) Musculo-Skeletal System :
Muscle - Classification - Histology - properties of each type - distribution - Mechanism of
muscle contraction (Brief) - neuromuscular transmission (Brief), ligaments, tendons,
Skeleton-Bones-types, Structure & function, Spinal column. Joints - Types, Structure,
(ii) Blood and Immune System :
Composition of blood corpuscles - R.B.C., W.B.C., Platelets.
Plasma, Haemoglobin - Coagulation of blood and anticoagulants. Blood groups and its
importance, lymphatic system, Immunity - types & mechanism.
(iii) Cardiovascular system :
Anatomy of Heart and blood vessels - -Innervation of heart - Properties of cardiac
muscle - Control of cardiac cycle and circulation - Cardiac output - Blood pressure.
(iv) Respiratory System :
Anatomy-Gross & Histological - Mechanism of Breathing, Exchange of gases Pulmonary
function tests-lung volumes - Control of respiration.
(v) Digestive system:
Anatomy - Gross and Histological - Mechanism of secretion of - Saliva, Gastric Juice,
Pancreatic Juice, Bile, Intestinal secretion - Role of these secretions in digestion of food,
Absorption and assimilation and formation of faeces.
(vi) Excretory System and temperature regulation :
Anatomy-Gross & Histology - Functions of glomerules and renal tubules Micturition and
composition of urine - structure and functions of skin-Regulation of body temperature.
(vii) Endocrine System :
Anatomy - Gross & Histological, Thyroid, Parathyroid, Supra - renal, Pituitary, Islets of
Langerhans - Function of thyroid and parathyroid harmone, effect of hypo and
hyperactivity on the body. Hormones of supra-renal and their action and effect of hypo &
hyper activity on the body. Hormones of pituitary gland- its action and effect of hypo &
hyper activity on the body. Role of insulin in glucose metabolism.
(viii) Special senses :
Eyes Anatomy - Histology of retina, Corneal function, Physiology of vision &
accommodation, Sense of smell - nasal mucosa, tongue, taste buds. Ear-Mechanism of
hearing and function of semicircular canal.
(ix) Reproductive System :
Aanatomy - Gross & History of Male reproductive system - Spermatogenesis. Female
reproductive system - Ovarian harmones, Menstruation, Pregnancy, Parturition,
(x) Central Nervous System :
Anatomy - Gross - Cerebrum, cerebellum, Spinal cord. Histology - Nerve - structure and
properties of neurons - Nerve - Action Potential - generation propagation - factors
influencing. Classification of neurons and nerve fibers Receptors and reflex arc.
Functions and important connections of Cerebrum, Pons, Medulla, Thalamus,
Hypothalamus, Cerebellum - Autonomic nervous system - Sympathetic and
parasympathetic - anatomy & functions.
2. Yogic Diet : Nutrition & related Biochemistry :
Dietetics in Yoga Therapy - Classification according to triguna-Vegetarian Vs. nonvegetarian
diet, Panchabhuta relationships, Rasa virya, Guna, Vipaka of Shali, Yava,
Godhuma, Mudga, Masha, Chanaka, Patola, Surana, Mana, Kakkola, Shukashuka,
Karkat, Rambha, Balaramba, Mulak, Vartaki, Riddhi, Kalashaka, Patola, Vatraka,
Navanita, Ghrta, Kshira, Sita, Aikshwam, Gudam, Pakvaramba, Varikelalm, Draksham,
Lawali, Dhatri, Ela, Jati, Lavanga, Panasa, Jambu, Haritaki, Khajura, Madhu, Shunthi.
(i) Nutrition :
Nutrients, proximate principles of diet - their importance.
Carbohydrates : Monosaccharides, polysaccharides.
Proteins - Importance of proteins in biological system - Essential and non-essential
amino acids - biological value.
Lipids - triglycerides - essential fatty acids
Calorimetry - Energy requirement and its calculation, Energy aspects of diet and their
distribution, Balanced diet.
Minerals - Calcium, iron, other trace elements in human nutrition.
Vitamins - Fat soluble and water soluble vitamins - Physiological role - requirement and
source signs of deficiency.
ii. Enzymes :
Definitions, specificity, inhibitors and activators.
3. Yoga and Psychology :
Study of - cognitive processes. Higher mental processes, feeling and emotion, mental
abilities and personality. A comparative study of total personality according to Yoga and
Modern Psychology.
4. Research Methodology :
This is to find the scientific reasoning and logic behind the yogic and natural practices.
For this purpose various innovative experiments may be performed like-designing of
study, selection criteria and statistical analysis etc.
1. Human Physiology - Chatterjee
2. Anatomy and Physiology for Nurses
3. Illustrated Physiology by Ann B Menaught
4. A text book of Biochemistry - Subba Rao
5. A text book of Medical Physiology - Guyton
6. Introduction to Psychology - by Hilgard, E.R. Atkinson, R.L. and
Atkinson. (1979) R. C. Harcourt Brace Jovanvich, New York.
7. Basic Psychology, stranges, R & Solley, C. M. (1970), Tata Mcgraw-
Hill, New Delhi.
104. Basics of Integral Approach to Yoga Therpay :
1. Sankhyayoga :
Introduction, 3 fold afflictions, means to overcome afflictions, 25 entities according to
Sankhya, means of knowledge, Satkarya vada, similarities and dissimilarities of vyakta
and avyakta, triguna, existence of purusha, plurality of purusha, proximity of purusha
and prakrti, samyoga, Sarga, Pratisarga, Karan (Antahkarana and Bahyakarana)
Avisesha and Visesha, Sharira.
2. Bhagavadgeeta :
A critical study of Sankhyayoga : Introduction, message of strength, declines to fight
against the respected ones, spiritual anguish, consistency is yoga, immortality of Atma,
nature of death, feeling related to body, real and unreal, atma is real, characteristics of
atma, view of materialistic life, swerve not from duty, karma and karmayoga, way of
wordly life, triguna, samatvayoga, qualities of restrained mind, characteristic of
enlightened man, nature of uncontrolled senses, muni, samyami, bramhajnani.
A critical study of Dhyana yoga : Introduction, karmayoga and karmasanyasa, yogi and
sanyasi, self is ultimate for an individual, qualities of a man whose senses are
controlled, environment for meditation, place, seat, posture, condition of mind. Method of
meditation, result of meditation, criterion for progress in meditation, conductives for
yoga, one pointedness of mind, bliss in yoga, other traits of yoga, nature of mind, control
of mind, perfection in yoga, merit of enlightened yogi, culturing of mind, fate of imperfect
yogi, yoga is unparalleled.
Bhakti-yoga-Character-types of Bhakta, methods.
3. Upanishads :
Essence of Upanishads, Isavasya, Taittariya etc.
4. Link between man and the Master:
A general survey of the life sketch, teachings and techniques of founders of various
religious and spiritual lines.
1. Sankhyakarika : Ishwarakrishna
2. Shrimad Bhagavadgita - Dr. S. Radhakrishna
3. Dashopanishat
4. A Critical survey of Indian Philosophy - Chandradhara Sharma
5. Philosophy of Yoga : Swami Jnanananda, Sri Ramakrishnashrama
6. Yoga as a Philosophy and Religion - S. N. Dasgupta, Calcutta.
7. Gita for Modern man : Krishna Chaitanya (1986), New Delhi,
Clarion Books.
8. Swami Krishnananda, A short history of religious and philosophic
thought in India.
9. Basis and applications of Yoga : Published by SVYASA,
105. Yoga Therapy in Practice :
A comprehensive study of the definition, pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical features,
assessments and yoga therpay for ailments of the following systems:- Nervous,
Endocrine, Respiratory, Cardio-vascular, Digestive, Musculo Skeletal, Reproductive
systems and Neurosis, Pregnancy and Eye Problems. Each University can evolve its
own module according to ones own experience of the following diseases.
Respiratory System - Nasal Allergy and Asthma,
Cardiovascular System - Hypertension and coronary Artery diseases,
Digestive System - Hyperacidity, Irritable bowel syndrome,
Reproductive System - infertility, menstrual disorders,
Endocrine System - Diabetes, Obesity, Thyroid(Hypo and Hyper),
Nevous System - Epilepsy, Migraine,
Psychiatry - Anxiety, depressive neurosis, stress, Insomnia,
Musculo Skeletal System - Arthritis, Back pain, Ankylosing spondylitis,
Pregnancy - Role of stress in problems of pregnancy, Labour and fetal
Special senses - Yoga for eyes.
1. The Principles and Practice of medicine Davidson
2. Apley’s system of Orthopaedics
3. Anatomy and Physiology of Yogic Practices - M.M Ghore,
Kaivalyadhama, Lonavala, Pune.
4. A Systematic course in the ancient tantric techniques of yoga and
kriya - Bihar School of Yoga, Munger.
5. Yoga for different ailments - series published by SVYASA,
Bangalore and Bihar Yoga Bharati.
6. Yoga for common ailments : Robin Monro, Nagarathna & Nagendra
- Guia Publication, U.K.
7. Yoga therapy : by Swami Kuvalayanand, Kaivalaya dhama,
8. Yogic therapy : Swami Shivananda, Umachal Yoga Ashram,
Kamakhya, Assam.
7. Light on Pranayama - B.K.S. Iyengar
8. Asana, Pranayama, Mudra, Bandha - Swami Satyananda
Saraswati, Bihar School of Yoga, Munger.
9. Promotion of positive Health - published by SVYASA, Bangalore
10. Pranayama - published by SVYASA, Bangalore
11. Bandhas & Mudras - by Swami Geetananda, Anandashrama,
107. Practical - II 180 100
Selected Kriyas 60 40
1. Jalaneti
2. Agnisara
3. Kapalabhati
4. Trataka
5. Sutraneti
6. Gajakarani
7. Vastradhauti
8. Madhyamanauli
9. Shankha Prakshalana
Meditation : 40 20
1. Traditional Meditation Techniques
2. Trataka : Bahiranga and Antaranga
3. Ajapajapa
4. Antarmauna
5. Akashadharanas : Chidakasha, Hridayakasha, Daharakasha.
6. Transcendental Meditation
7. Preksha Dhyana
8. Avarthana Dhyana etc.
Yoga Therapy Special techniques: 80 40
Each University can evolve various modules according to one’s own experience.
1. Hathayoga Pradeepika - Swami Satyananda saraswati and Swami
Muktibodhananda Saraswati, (1993), Bihar School of Yoga,
2. Asana, Paranayama, Mudra, Bandha - Swami Satyananda
Saraswati, Bihar School of Yoga, Munger.
3. Hathayoga Pradeepika
4. Gheranda Samhita
5. Patanjala Yoga Sutra
6. New perspectives in Stress Management published by SVYASA,
7. Trancendental Meditation : Maharshi Mahesh Yogi.
108. Project Work:
To learn the clinical methods, case history writing, measurement of clinical (Symptoms and
medication scores), objective (pulse, blood pressure, respiratory rate etc.). Psychological
(questionnaire) parameters. Statistical analysis of the initial and final data recorded. Writing of
project report.
Project is to be taken to find herbal remedies and Natural treatments in various, Tithies, signs and
constellations to identify their potency and effectiveness like - Turmeric, Neem, Kumari, Amrita,
Tulsi, Brahmi, Adaraka (Ginger) Black Pepper, Long pepper, Clove, Cardamom, Coconut,
Areanut Betal Leaf (Pan), Betalnut (Supari), Drumsticks, Curry leave, Dhania or coriander.
1. Research methods : published SVYASA, Bangalore.
2. Hutchinson’s : Clinical Methods etc.
Clinical Examination will be conducted to test the ability of the students
to understand the patient’s health problem and select suitable set of
yoga practices.
Internal assessment will be based on marks obtained in the worksheet
of practical and synopsis of lectures on theory. Assessment by the
teachers on the team work, personality changes and behaviour.
(Prof. Sureshwar Sharma) (Dr. Ishwar Bhardwaj) (Dr. Krishan Bhatt)
(Dr. (Mrs.) Nagaratna) (Dr. N. K. Jain)

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  1. नव्बोद्ध अक्सर ये प्रचार करते है कि ध्यान नामक पद्धति बोद्धो ने वैदिक धर्मियों को दी थी | ओर बोद्धो से ध्यान सनातन मत में गया | लेकिन ये लोग यह बात भूल जाते है कि सिद्धार्थ गौतम की ही जीवनी में उन्होने सनातनी गुरुओ से ही ओर सन्यासियों से वन में योग विद्या सीखी थी ओर जंगल में जा कर सिद्धार्थ ने ध्यान किया यह बात सभी मानते है यदि वो स्वयम ही आविष्कारक होता तो उसे पूर्व निश्चय केसे हुआ की जंगल में ध्यान करने जाऊँगा ? इससे स्पष्ट है कि ध्यान सिद्धार्थ से पूर्व था इसलिए उसने पहले ही ध्यान करने का निश्चय ही किया था | अब आते है पतंजली ने क्या बोद्धो से योग विद्या सीखी ? इस भ्रम का कारण है कि ये लोग योग सूत्रकार पतंजली ओर महाभाष्यकार पतंजली को एक ही समझ बेठे है जबकि महाभाष्यकार पतंजली शंकु कालीन थे ओर योगसूत्र कार महाभारत के समय के या इसके पूर्व के है | यदि महाभाष्यकार ओर योग सूत्रकार को एक मानने पर निम्न समस्या आती है जिसका समाधान कोई भी नवबोद्ध नही कर सकते है वो यह की पतंजली योगसूत्र पर बादरायण व्यास का भाष्य है | ओर बादरायण व्यास महाभारत वाले व्यास कृष्णद्वेपायान है | यदि पतंजली को शंकु वंश वाला पतंजली माना जाए तो यह कैसे सम्भव है कि महाभारत काल का व्यक्ति शंकु काल में भाष्य लिख जाए | इससे स्पष्ट है कि पतंजली व्यास से भी पूर्व के है | ओर व्यास बुद्ध से पूर्व इस प्रमाण से सिद्ध है की सनातन धर्म में ध्यान –योग बोद्ध मत से भी पूर्व था | ये बात योग दर्शन की हुई लेकिन वेद , उपनिषद , ओर सांख्य ,न्याय दर्शन बोद्ध दर्शन ओर बुद्ध से पूर्व के है ओर न्याय दर्शन सांख्य दर्शन बुद्ध से पुराना है इसे कई बोद्ध विद्वान ओर डाक्टर अम्बेडकर भी मानते है उनकी पुस्तक बुद्धा एंड हिज धम्म के बुद्ध ओर उनके पूर्वज नामक अध्याय में देख सकते है |